Information On Tsunami

News | | August 12, 2009 at 9:00 pm


21st century tsunamiOver and again, world has been facing varied natural disasters in which millions of people have died up to now and losses amounting to billions of dollars, but what we can do about natural disasters when they hit us, the least we could do is to predict them and take steps to avoid the loss of life and property. I never knew of the word called Tsunami unless for the event which took place on 2004 Indian ocean earthquake, it was under the sea earthquake which occurred at 00:58:53 UTC, December 26. The under water earthquakes are called Tsunami, it happened at the epic centre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.

I still remember the days of December 2004 in which nearly 230,000 people died in over 11 countries, the major cause of the quake as the research says was due to subduction, which triggered a series of tsunamis, which were devastating. The tsunami waves were as high as 30 meters that is 100 feet high. It was one of the deadliest natural disasters in human history; it caused major damage to India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Thailand.

The year was coming to an end and there was excitement every where around the globe, people from different parts of the world flock to varied places to celebrate it, many of them who flock to Phuket Island at Thailand to celebrate the New Year’s Eve were killed in this disaster, but as they say you cannot turn away your destiny, there were no earlier predictions and as a result thousands were killed in this disaster. The earthquake was of 9.3 magnitude, one of the 2nd largest recorded on seismograph. The tsunami caused lots of damage to property human life and as per the home ministry, 10,749 casualties were reported in the state of Tamil Nadu, around 5,640 people were missing from Andaman and Nicobar Islands. As per the reports from Indonesia’s ministry of Health, there were confirmed 131,028 cases of deaths and over 37,000 were missing. Although Malaysia being close by distance to the incident, it escaped damage that struck other countries which were miles away, the reported deaths were 69 and over 5 people missing. Other places, which reported deaths and damage to property, were Maldives, Myanmar, Somalia, Sri Lanka and Thailand.

It nearly gave me goose bumps while looking at the reports over the television and videos were heart breaking, there was sad ness everywhere, people lost their near and dear ones in this natural disaster. Although, Tsunamis were the least heard of, there are almost 25 of them which occurred in the last century, most of them were reported in the Asia Pacific region near Japan. The total death figure as per the reports stands at 350,000 and thousands of injuries.

The Tsunami that occurred on 26th December was sudden and as there were no predictions made many fishers, sailors were trapped inside in the middle of the sea with no escape, the fisherfolk community was the largest that hit the island area of Tamil Nadu. As the Tsunami approached land, it slows down and grows in height with tremendous energy and is capable of stripping the beaches of its sand, can erode the land with coastal vegetation and undermining trees. It’s the natural disaster that none of us could have avoided but we can surely take steps to take precautions in future.

india tsunami waves shore Tsunami


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1 Comment

  1. vareeja says:

    Earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and other underwater explosions, landslides and other mass movements,and other disturbances above or below water all have the potential to generate a tsunami.

    Drawbacks can serve as a brief warning. People who observe drawback (many survivors report an accompanying sucking sound), can survive only if they immediately run for high ground or seek the upper floors of nearby buildings.

    In 2004, ten-year old Tilly Smith of Surrey, England, was on Maikhao beach in Phuket, Thailand with her parents and sister, and having learned about tsunamis recently in school, told her family that a tsunami might be imminent. Her parents warned others minutes before the wave arrived, saving dozens of lives. She credited her geography teacher, Andrew Kearney.

    In the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami drawback was not reported on the African coast or any other eastern coasts it reached. This was because the wave moved downwards on the eastern side of the fault line and upwards on the western side. The western pulse hit coastal Africa and other western areas.

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