The Lost City of the Incas… Machu Picchu

Ruins of The Americas | | May 13, 2009 at 9:55 pm




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machu picchuA city built in the classical Inca style, which bring to life the heritage and the past of the Inca civilization. The city is an absolute masterpiece of architecture and a unique testimony to the Inca civilization. The lost city is located at an altitude of 2,430 meters on the ridge of the mount Machu Picchu in the Andes mountain range in Peru. One get astonished with the quality of architecture in the city with blocks of stones cut in precise shapes to fit in to form structures without mortar. It is this quality of mason work that has made this city to stand the testament of time. There has always been a question mark on how the Incas moved enormous blocks of stones on such inclined slops of the mountain to reach the city. There are about 140 structures including residence blocks, Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, the Room of the Three Windows, sanctuaries and parks that form the city area. The primary function of the city was that of astronomical observatory. The city was also used by Inca kings for performing secret ceremonies. The Incas had made the city a formidable fortress where it was connected to other areas by bridges. It had it own water supply which was well distributed across the cathedral. The city had a farming area which could support four times the population that ever lived in Machu Picchu.

Due to its location on top of the mountain and the surrounding forest the city was never discovered by the Spanish Invaders. It is believed that the population of the city was wiped out because of smallpox after its 100 years of existence. Today the city is one of the most visited tourist attraction in Peru and is one of the most spectacular sets of ruins in the world. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site list in 1983. To reach the lost city one has to take a train journey of 112 km from city of Cusco to reach Puente Ruinas. From the station one can take a bus ride to the ruins.

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2 Comments

  1. This is my top two destination in the whole wide world. Hope to see it soon!

  2. vareeja says:

    The Intihuatana stone is one of many ritual stones in South America.
    The Spanish did not find Machu Picchu, so the Intihuatana Stone was not destroyed, unlike many other ritual stones in Peru. These stones are arranged to point directly at the sun during the winter solstice
    At midday on 21 March and 21 September the equinoxes, the sun stands almost above the pillar—casting no shadow at all. Researchers believe that it was built as an astronomic clock or calendar..

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