The Great Pyramid of Cholula

Ruins of The Americas | | August 19, 2009 at 10:05 am


Great PyramidThe Great Pyramid of Cholula is a gigantic shrine-pyramid complex situated close to the dual volcanic peaks of Iztaccihuatl and Popocatepetl and ten minutes proximity from the city of Puebla on the old highway route to Mexico City. It has been averred by the Guinness World Records as the largest monument globally with a mammoth assessed volume of above 4.45 million cubic metres, even toppling the size of the Great Pyramid of Giza by more than one-third.

Devoted to the eminent Aztec deity Quetzalcoati, the Great Pyramid of Cholula was believed to have been constructed by one of the seven giants known as Xelhua in accordance to the Aztec’s faith. Its ongoing construction spanned generations over 2nd century BC to the early 16th century wherein it expanded to no less than four times.

Great Pyramid of CholulaThe orientation of the Cholula Pyramid is to the North-North-West and is planned in accordance to the setting sun all through summer solstice. The presence of an innate spring could be the reason for the preferred site choice for construction. A chamber at the core of the pyramid may depict a man-made cave.

Subsequent to the collapse of Teotihuacan, Cholula became the highly significant centre of the Mexican uplands. The Great Pyramid at Cholula was discovered in 1910 during the making of a mental sanctuary. In the most primitive pyramid constructed close to the period of the Teotihuacan pyramid erection around c.100 B.C., one can find the presence of taludtablero patterns coloured in shades of red, yellow and black with insect- shaped creations that are typical of Teotihuacan technique.   These overbearing resemblances made most experts to believe that Cholula was a sister concern city to Teotihuacan.

Built atop the first pyramid, the second Great Pyramid at Cholula adopted a drastically different architectural style with its constructors making stairways on all four sides of it for easy access to the pyramid top.

pyramid tunnelIn 1200, the Toltecs overtook the region and the Temple of Quetzalcoatl was used as a ritualistic area, with the Great Pyramid being left as an epic ruin. In 1359, the foes of Aztecs, the Huexotzingo kingdom lay siege over Cholula and as the Spanish overcame Cholula, the Great Pyramid was already in shambles since long, that it simply appeared as an innate hill.

The great pyramid of Tipanipa at Cholula when noticed from afar looks like a huge hill with a Colonial church, the Nuestra Señora de los Remedios, perched at its peak and encircled by a city. A famed allegory goes that when the locals came to know that the conquistadors planned to attack the land, they sorted out a swift work force to bury the pyramid in soil in a bid to protect.

The inner areas of the pyramid up to five miles have been widely dug up that offers keen sightseers a rare chance to peer at the varying phases of build up. As one ascends the incompletely made pyramid close to the church, the geometrical outlines of the initial structure rising to four levels above the ground are visible. The mighty snow covered volcano, El Popocatépetl that disconnects this valley from the Mexico valley can be seen from here.

Amongst the numerous relics discovered by archaeologists is a fifty meters long vividly coloured mural that features human forms in life size given the name ‘The Drunkards’ as it showcases scene of intoxication with the liquid concerned mostly obtained from mushrooms or peyote.

cholulaThe Great Pyramid of Cholula Cholula Pyramid Cholula first pyramidGreat Pyramid pyramid the pyramid of cholula

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1 Comment

  1. vareeja says:

    The Great Pyramid of Cholula is the world’s largest monument and largest pyramid by volume.

    Because of the historic and religious significance of the church, which is a designated colonial monument, the pyramid as a whole has not been excavated and restored

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