Mount Roraima – An Island Forgotten by Time

Mysterious Earth | | December 26, 2011 at 5:22 am


Mount Roraima also called Monte Roraima in Portuguese and Cerro Roraima or Roraima Tepui in Spanish is the tallest of Pakaraima chain of tepui plateau in South America. Originally explained by Sir Walter Raleigh, an English explorer in the year 1596, its 31 kilometers summit region is defended by 400 metre cliffs on each side. The peak includes triple border point of Guyana, Venezuela and Brazil. It lies on Guiana Shield in south-eastern corner of 30,000 kilometers Canaima National Park of Venezuela forming the tallest mountain of Highland Range of Guyana. The tabletop peaks of the park are regarded as some of the oldest geological formations on the planet. The tallest point in Guyana and tallest point in Brazilian state of Roraima lie on plateau; however Brazil and Venezuela have taller peaks some where else.

Mount Roraima

Most of the species found on Mount Roraima are exclusive to the peak with plants like pitcher plants and Rapatea heather than are commonly found on summit and escarpment. Long time ago, the arrival of European explorers has held a special significance for native people of the area and is central to plenty of legends and myths. In the year 2006, the mountain was destination for successful Gryphon Productions two hour TV documented. The Real Lost World program was shown on channels like OLN Canada, Animal Planet and Discovery HD Theater. Peter von Putkamer was the director who directed this adventure and travel documentary featured a contemporary team of explorers like Peter Sprouse, Rick West, Seth Heald, Hazel Barton and Dean Harrison.

Mount Roraima

The steep sides of Mount Roraima make it hard to access, and was the first most significant tepui to be climbed. At present, it is one of the most famous destinations for backpackers. It takes one day for each hiker from Paraitepui to reach Roraima, and most of the people spend one night and day on top of the peak, making 5 days in total. It is one of the appealing mountains situated in Guyana Highlands and actually shares its border with Brazil, Guyana and Venezuela. Nevertheless, it is almost always approached from Venezuela side. The Guyana and Brazil sides are pretty difficult. The Guyana Highlands is quite extraordinary peak range surrounding parts of Brazil, Venezuela, Suriname, French Guiana and Guyana. They are constructed of ancient sedimentary rock, which is more than 2 billion years old and are quite a few of oldest sedimentary rocks on Earth.

Monte Roraima

The Mount Roraima is also called Tepui that describes flat-topped peak with vertical sides. Geologists have mannered chronological dating tests on molten rock, which has thrust its way up between sandstone’s layers. It is estimated to be at least 1.8 billion years old. It is due to the isolation of tepuis and old age has made them special. Each tepuis fauna and flora is considered to be exclusive. Many species of moss, lichen, insects and orchids are found on this mountain and have adapted themselves to their harsh environments on these peaks.

To Puerto Ayacucho’s south, you will find a city on Orinoco jungle’s outskirts near Colombia called Cerro Autana. It is the sacred peak the Piaroa Indians, who believe that it is a trunk of tree bearing land’s seeds and fruits. It is just 1220m tall, but has labyrinth of caves near summit that at certain times of a year. Close by is a Painted Mountain or Cerro Pintado that has biggest petroglyphs in Venezuela with 50 metre snake, which is said to represent Orinoco River. Climbing on such mountains would need difficult authorizations to enter restricted access national parks in respective countries

Orinoco River

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