Archive for the ‘Ruins of The Americas’

  • Mesa Verde Ruins – The Cultural Green Table
    Mesa Verde Ruins – The Cultural Green Table
    Mesa Verde stands proudly with its inherited association to more than 20 American Indian tribes, splendorous display of primordial stone- age existence, enchanting mountainous views, harrowing valleys, several towers and salubrious climate. Its rich, absorbing cultural influx is evident as one visits the Mesa Verde National Park.` Mesa Verde National Park The  Mesa Verde National Park, a drive away from Colorado, is over a century old national park which bears premier, prominent mention in the UNESCO World Heritage listing. The observation points and peaks in this national park touch amazing, dizzy heights of about 8,500ft. The key areas of prime interest revolve around the two ruins of Balcony House and the Cliff Palace. As one treks the mountain terrains to reach Balcony House, which is renowned for its cliff dwellings, exceptional  [...]
    Posted at June 17th, 2009 at 11:06 am
  • Nazca Lines
    Nazca Lines
    At first look you will have many questions in you mind. Are they work for an ancient religion? Did the aliens from outer space make them? Was there a civilization on earth before the humans walked the planet? Well that is what these gigantic sketches drawn in the Nazca desert of western Peru and are known as Nazca Lines. The sketches number in hundreds and depict hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys, fish, sharks or orcas, llamas, and lizards. During 200 BC and 700 AD an ancient pre-Inca civilization existed in the region and it is considered that the Nazca Lines were made by them. It is believed that this was a way they thought of communicating with the havens as the gods in the sky would be able to see them. The largest of these figures is over 270 meters longs. The total area encompassing the lines is over 500 square kilometers. The  [...]
    Posted at May 28th, 2009 at 03:05 am
  • Palenque
    Palenque
    Hidden in the dense forest in a spectacular mountain setting are the Mayan ruins of Palenque. It lies near the Usumacinta River in Mexico. The sire is 150 meters above sea level and is located at a distance of 130 kilometers south of Ciudad del Carem. The ruins of Palenque are famous for its complicate sculptures and have archeologists uncover many facts about the Mayan civilization. The city became a settlement as early as 300 BC but it became a commercial and religious centre in the 6th century. Due to its location the city enjoyed abundance of water from the surrounding mountain streams and waterfalls. There was an elaborate system of aqueduct to channel the water in the city. Most of the city was engulfed by the forest when the excavation first started. As of now my 30% of the city has been cleared of the forest. The total area  [...]
    Posted at May 22nd, 2009 at 10:05 am
  • Caracol … Place of Three Hills
    Caracol … Place of Three Hills
    If all Belize Mayan sites have to be ranked for there importance and grandeur then Caracol would be placed on top of the list. Caracol, or El Caracol as it is locally known lies in the foothills of Maya Mountains at an altitude of 1,500 feet. The city is surrounded by dense forest and lies on the Vaca Plateau. Caracol is one of the largest ancient Maya cities and covers an area of 65 square miles and at its peak had a population of over 2,00,000 people. Mayan settlers moved to Caracol around 1200 BC but the bulk of construction happened in between 300 AD and 800 AD. Archeologists have significant proof that the city attacked and conquered Tikal in 562 AD. Later the city also conquered Naranjo in AD 631. These two conquests boosted the military and economic might of the city and propelled population grown in the region. The main structure  [...]
    Posted at May 22nd, 2009 at 01:05 am
  • Altun Ha Ruins of Belize
    Altun Ha Ruins of Belize
    Altun Ha which means Rockstone Pond has been a settlement since 250 BC and is an hour by road for Belize City. It gets its name from the neighboring village of Rockstone Pond. Construction of the main buildings started in the city around 100 AD and continued till the 10th century. It is believed that there was mass looting in Altun Ha in the year 900 AD and it was a form of revolt against the ruler of the city. The city has an area of around 5 square miles. The main structures in the city are the two central plazas which are surrounded by towering temples. At its peak the city was inhabited by over 10,000 inhabitants and was an important trading centre in the region. The largest pyramid in The Temple of the Masonry Altars and has a height of 54 feet. It is thought to have been the focal point of the community’s religious activities  [...]
    Posted at May 21st, 2009 at 05:05 pm
  • Lamanai….. City of Crocodiles
    Lamanai….. City of Crocodiles
    Located on the banks for the New River Lagoon is the ancient ceremonial centre of Lamanai. The impressive Mayan ruins are the largest in Belize and the English translation of Lamanai means submerged crocodile. The city has one of the longest occupation span amongst all Mayan cities lasting over 3,000 years. The city is well engulfed by the forest and one has to climb on top of the temple pyramids to actually get a real picture of the surrounding landscape. Lamanai is also amongst the very few Mayan cities where the archeologists have uncovered the original name. It is believed that the occupation of the city started in 1500 BC, but the majority of the city construction started around 4th century BC and the Mayan’s occupied the city till 1600 AD. At its peak more then 35,000 Mayan’s lived in the city. Today much of the city remains  [...]
    Posted at May 21st, 2009 at 08:05 am
  • Uxmal…. City That Was Built Three Times
    Uxmal…. City That Was Built Three Times
    Uxmal is a large pre-Columbian city of Maya Civilization in Yucatan, Mexico. It is located at a distance of 78 kilometers from Merida. Archeologists have come out with a census that the city was first inhabited as early as 800 BC. The city was abandoned in 1450 AD after the Toltec’s rose to power and established their capital in Chichen Itza. The city at its peak was inhabited by over 30,000 people and most of the buildings in the site were constructed between 700 AD and 1100 AD. The main ruins of Uxmal are spread over an area of 150 acres and the residential district spread beyond the main ruins. Unlike other cities in the region which were build in proximity of cenotes, Uxmal is rather unusual. There are many man-made reservoirs and were probably used for storing rain water, one of such cisterns is located just near the entrance  [...]
    Posted at May 21st, 2009 at 12:05 am
  • Chichen Itza
    Chichen Itza
    Chichen Itza which means ‘At the mouth of the well of Itza’ is one of the most visited pre-Columbian archaeological sites in the Yucatan Peninsular in Mexico. It was one of the key cities and the focal point of the Mayan Civilization. Sometimes Chichen Itza is also referred in the ancient archives as Uucyabnal which means ‘Seven Great Rulers’. The site contains many buildings including temples, palaces, stages, markets, baths, and ballcourts. In the heart of Chichen is the El Castillo or the Temple of Kukulkan. It is a step pyramid and has stairways on all four sides. During spring and autumn equinox the rising and the setting sun the structure casts a shadow in the shape of a plumed serpent. One can see the entire archeological site after climbing to the top of the pyramid. Much of the site is still engulfed in the forest  [...]
    Posted at May 20th, 2009 at 06:05 pm
  • Calakmul…. The City Of The Two Adjacent Pyramids
    Calakmul…. The City Of The Two Adjacent Pyramids
    Calakmul is probably the largest Mayan city ever uncovered till now and is located in the Mexican state of Campeche. At its might the city was a Mayan superpower in the region of Peten and Yucatan. Archeologists have discovered 6,750 ancient structures in Calakum and are spread over an area of 70 square kilometers. The city at its peak equaled the power of Tikal and a lot is being known about the Mayan culture and its power from the deciphered Stelae and Murals that have been found in the city. The city grew from a small settlement around 500 AD. Most the great constructions happened between 550 AD and 700 AD. The end of the city was abrupt and is said to be in 810 AD. The city also is home to the largest Mayan pyramid. The Great Pyramid is 55 meters high with an area of two square kilometers and has four tombs inside it.  The Great  [...]
    Posted at May 19th, 2009 at 12:05 am
  • Teotihuacan… Where Men Become Gods
    Teotihuacan… Where Men Become Gods
    The mysterious city is located 30 miles north of Mexico City and at its peak around 600 AD it was the sixth largest city in the world. The archeologists have found that the city was far more advanced than any European city of its time. At its peak it is believed that the city had a population of over 250,000 people. The biggest mystery about the city is its history, culture and about the inhabitants. The city was later occupied by Toltec’s and later by Aztec’s who believed that the city was the origin of the Universe. Teotihuacan’s decline was almost as rapid as its rise to prominence. The city has a broad central avenue which is often referred as “Avenue of the Dead”.  The central avenue is flanked by Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon. The Pyramid of the Sun is the third largest Pyramid in the  [...]
    Posted at May 17th, 2009 at 12:05 am